When it comes to skincare, most of us know the basics. We know that we should cleanse our skin at least once a day to remove all makeup and dirt. We are also aware that moisturising is essential to prevent wrinkles. But, there is a third step which lurks in the depths of skincare’s best kept secrets... exfoliation.

The problem is that there is so much advice out there that it’s over-whelming. So, as well as giving you a list about the benefits of exfoliating, we have created a guide to everything you need to know about exfoliating.

exfoliating Source: youtube.com

What is exfoliation?

We have left the science behind our skin to the experts. Instead, we will break it down for you in simpler terms.

Our skin is made up of different layers. On the top layer, the epidermis, dead skin cells start to form as new skin cells grow underneath.

Exfoliating is a process which removes these un-wanted dead skin cells through abrasion from a very fine grit or exfoliating beads, allowing the new cells to develop.

What areas do I need to exfoliate?

Dry skin is most commonly found along the t-zone area (across the forehead and down the nose) but it can affect your entire face.

When exfoliating, avoid sensitive areas such as the eyes and lips as the skin is thinner.

Of course, we also recommend that you exfoliate your entire body to receive the same benefits as your face.

exfoliating Source: youtube.com

What different ways are there to exfoliate?

There are a variety of ways to exfoliate so it all depends on your own personal preferences.

As well as a scrub which can be applied with the hands, there are also rotating brushes, washcloths and chemical peels.

A rotating brush is… well, it’s in the name. This saves you from having to manually buff your own face. For some people, this is a life-saver as it is easy and highly effective. For those with dry or sensitive skin, it is too powerful and causes irritation.

Exfoliating wash cloths can also be used daily whilst in the shower. Either use with water or apply a gentle exfoliator first. These clothes need regular washing or there can be a build-up of bacteria which will lead to breakouts.

exfoliating scrub Source: pezibear

Next up, there are chemical peels. Many salons and spas also offer a deep exfoliation treatment often referred to as a chemical peel. As scary as this may sound, it is extremely safe and actually very popular.

A chemical solution is applied to the face to exfoliate and peel off the skin. This is very effective and helps with acne scars, wrinkles and damaged skin. Though there is no pain, many people find that there is a stinging sensation.

You do not need a chemical peel regularly. In fact, many people consider this to be a luxurious treatment enjoyed on an occasion.

In the meantime, a simple scrub will more than suffice.

How do I exfoliate?

Step 1: Firstly, wash your face with warm water to open the pores and then cleanse to remove all excess dirt and oil.

Step 2: Next, apply the exfoliator in circular motions and leave for 2-3 minutes.

(This process can vary depending on the exfoliator. For example, a gentle exfoliator or a combined cleanser/exfoliator can be used once a day. For deeper exfoliators, apply twice a week and leave for a longer period of time, similar to a mask.)

Step 3: Then, simply rinse using cold water to close the pores. Don’t forget to moisturise afterwards.

If you’re still un-sure, Signature Series have a thorough video to guide you through each step.

Can I over-exfoliate?

Yes. It is possible to over-exfoliate. Using an exfoliator which is particularly harsh can cause irritation and redness, especially to those who have dry or acne prone skin.

Our skin naturally sheds some dead skin cells itself so avoid being over-generous with exfoliating as this will strip your skin of its natural oils.

What should I look for in an exfoliator?

Long and complex ingredients can be over-whelming. Ultimately, you want to find an exfoliator which is made from natural ingredients as opposed to chemicals.

Some prime examples are salicylic, lactic and glycolic acids, plant extracts and vitamins. Natural is best for your skin and eco-friendly to produce.

We take pride in the natural ingredients in our products, especially in our volcanic exfoliator. The exfoliating particles in the product are a combination of micro-crystalline lava found in an ancient lava field in Iceland and apricot kernels. It also contains coconut oil, salicylic acid and vitamin-E.